Thursday, August 19, 2010

色達.天葬



現在的天葬趨向平民化,儀式簡單,程序簡化。天葬師不需要把遺骸仔細切割,割一刀就夠了。

在四川藏區色達的天葬場,遠遠已看見滿山有數百秃鷲,它們在山坡上排隊等吃。這裡每天有十數個天葬儀式,每有天葬師帶著遺體到場,秃鷲從四方八面趕到,它們熟知禮儀,只圍站在屍首旁,只待天葬師唸句經文,再一刀割破皮囊,秃鷲才敢開餐。數十秃鷲,瘋狂搶吃,你會看到逝者的身體、內臟,瞬即一空,最後只剩頭髗白骨,躺在沙泥之上。然後,新的身軀出現,又是另一輪盛宴。

天葬很殘忍嗎?初看,有點心驚,但藏人不覺一回事,他們甚至讓你參觀拍照,一切平常之極。

藏傳佛教相信,人死以後,靈識不滅,會轉世輪迴,形骸只是一個軀殼,而信佛的人要布施,布施的最高境界,正是捨身。輪迴以後,身軀為無用之物,正好供秃鷲作食糧,此乃生命中最後的施捨。故藏區不只流行天葬,亦有水葬,讓遺骸供河魚啄食;有林葬,讓身軀供林中鳥獸清理,最後的布施,現代意義上,更能加快回收,循環再用。

秃鷲們吃飽,拍翼齊飛,牠們肚裡帶著逝者的殘軀,在高山雪嶺與藍天白雲間迴翔。天葬,也許血淋淋,也灑脫浪漫。

(川北行之九)


3 comments:

  1. 謝謝你的分享。在此介紹一首歌,希望你會喜歡。

    "Pilgrim" by Enya

    Pilgrim, how you journey
    on the road you chose
    to find out why the winds die
    and where the stories go.

    All days come from one day
    that much you must know,
    you cannot change what's over
    but only where you go.

    One way leads to diamonds,
    one way leads to gold,
    another leads you only
    to everything you're told.
    In your heart you wonder
    which of these is true;
    the road that leads to nowhere,
    the road that leads to you.

    Will you find the answer
    in all you say and do?
    Will you find the answer
    In you?

    Each heart is a pilgrim,
    each one wants to know
    the reason why the winds die
    and where the stories go.

    Pilgrim, in your journey
    you may travel far,
    for pilgrim it's a long way
    to find out who you are...
    Pilgrim, it's a long way
    to find out who you are...

    Pilgrim, it's a long way
    to find out who you are...

    ReplyDelete
  2. So peaceful, I am also fan of Enya.
    Pilgrim, i believe, is kind of an exploration:

    We should not cease from exploration
    And the end of all our exploring
    Will be to arrive where we started
    And know the place for the first time.
    Four Quartets, T.S.Eliot

    ReplyDelete
  3. 用現代的眼光看,不如器官捐贈

    ReplyDelete